Monday, July 13, 2020
How to Cite a Painting You See in Person or Online (2) When writing a research paper it is important to properly cite your sources. But what if the source you want to cite isnât a book or website, but a painting? And does it make a difference if you see the painting in person at a museum, or through a secondary source like a webpage? This article will tell you how to cite a painting you see in person or online in MLA, APA and Chicago styles. In the spirit of Independence Day, the painting Washington Crossing the Delaware is used for examples. What you will need Citing a painting typically requires a bit more information than citing a book. The information you will need is: Current location of the piece Size dimensions The medium (e.g., sculpture, painting, etc.) Artistâs name Title of the piece Date the painting was created If youâre citing a painting you viewed online, youâll also need: Website URL Website URL Name of the website Date the page was published Date you accessed the page Citing a painting you see online in MLA MLA citation format: Artistâs Last Name, Artistâs First Name. Title of Artwork OR description. Year of creation. Museum, City. Title of Website, Link starting with www. Example: Leutze, Emmanuel. Washington Crossing the Delaware. 1851. Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City. Metmuseum.org, www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/11417. Formatting notes Artistâs name: Write the artistâs name with their last name first followed by a comma and then their first name, just as you would the author of a book. If they have a middle initial or name list it after the first name. Put a period after the first name or middle name/initial if one is given. If the artist is listed or described as âAnonymous,â put Anonymous. If no artist is credited for the work, just start with the next step, the title of the work. Title of the piece: After the authorâs name, put the title in Italics, followed by a period. Capitalize nouns, verbs, pronouns and adverbs. If there is no title given, provide a short and un-italicized description with regular sentence capitalization. For example, you could write âUntitled portrait of King Henry VIIIâ or âRed rose on yellow background.â Year and location: Next you will need to write the year the painting was made followed by a comma. Then put the pieceâs current location, first writing the name of the museum or gallery followed by a comma and the city followed by a period. Citing a painting you see online in APA APA citation format: Artistâs Last Name, Artistâs First Initial. (Year). Title of painting [Description of material]. Museum, City, State Abbreviation/Country. Name of source website (date page was published or n.d. if no date is given). Retrieved from: full URL of website. Example: Leutze, E. (1851). Washington crossing the Delaware [Oil on canvas]. Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City, NY. The Met (n.d.). Retrieved from: //www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/11417. Formatting notes Artistâs name: Write the last name of the artist followed by a comma and then the first initial and middle initial if one is given followed by a period. If the artist is unknown, then skip this step and start the citation with the title of the work as described in the next step. If the artist is listed as Anonymous, use that as the name. Year and title of the piece: After the artistâs name put the year the painting was created in parentheses followed by a period. Then put the title of the painting in italics using sentence case. Then put the medium or materials used in brackets, followed by a period. Location: After the medium put the name of the museum where the piece is currently on display followed by a comma. Then put the city where the museum is located followed by a comma. Next, if the museum is in North America, put the abbreviation for the state followed by a period. For all other countries, put the name of the country instead of the state followed by a period. Website: Next add the name of the source website followed by the date the page was published and a period. If no date is given, put ân.d.â for âno date.â Then put âRetrieved from:â followed by the direct URL for the webpage where you viewed the painting, including //www. Citing a painting you see online in Chicago Format: Artistâs Last Name, Artistâs First Name. Title of Painting. Year painting was created. Description of materials. Dimensions. Museum, City. Accessed Month Day, Year. URL. Example: Leutze, Emmanuel. Washington Crossing the Delaware. 1851. Oil on canvas. 149 in. x 255 in. Museum of Modern Art, New York. Accessed July 4th, 2019. //www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/11417. Formatting notes Artistâs name: Start with the last name of the artist followed by a comma and then the first name and a period. If the author is listed as Anonymous, use that as the name. If no artist is credited simply skip this step and begin the citation with the title form the next step. Title of the piece: After the name and a period, write the title of the painting in italics followed by a period. Use title case, so capitalize all nouns, verbs, pronouns, and adverbs. If no title is given, you may simply skip this step. You do not need to provide a description or write âUntitled.â Year: Next list the year the painting was completed followed by a period. If no date is provided, put ân.d.â Medium and size: List the materials used to make the artwork in sentence case followed by a period. Then put the dimensions followed by a period. You may use metric or imperial measurements, just be sure to keep it consistent throughout your paper. If this information is not available, simply leave it out. Location: Put the name of the museum where the piece is currently housed followed by a comma and the city where the museum is located. Website and access date: Finish with the URL of the website where you viewed the painting followed by a comma. Then put âaccessedâ followed by the date you most recently viewed the webpage in day-month-year format without commas, followed by a period. Citing a painting you see in person in MLA To cite a painting you see in person in MLA style, simply follow the same format as online, but leave off the website name and URL. Format: Artistâs Last Name, Artistâs First Name. Title of Artwork OR description. Year of creation, Museum, City. MLA example: Leutze, Emmanuel. Washington Crossing the Delaware. 1851, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City. Citing a painting you see in person in APA Follow the format for APA website citation, but end the citation after the city and state/country information of the museum. Format: Artistâs Last Name, Artistâs First Initial. (Year). Title of painting [Description of material]. Museum, City, State Abbreviation/Country. Example: Leutze, E. (1851). Washington crossing the Delaware [Oil on canvas]. Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City, NY. Citing a painting you see in person in Chicago Follow the format for a website citation, but leave off the URL and accessed date. Chicago style citation format: Artistâs Last Name, Artistâs First Name. Title of Painting. Year painting was created. Description of materials. Dimensions. Museum, City. Example: Leutze, Emmanuel. Washington Crossing the Delaware. 1851. Oil on canvas. 149 in. x 255 in. Museum of Modern Art, New York. And there you have it! Now you know how to properly cite a painting you see in person or online using the three most common styles of documentation. For your next essay, get a free grammar check with up to 5 free suggestions at ! In addition, you can also read the EasyBib grammar guides and learn how to properly use possessive nouns, linking verbs, an adverb clause, and other parts of speech.
Wednesday, May 20, 2020
The Medici have long been associated with balls. Their family emblem Ã¢â¬â five red balls and one blue on a gold shield Ã¢â¬â is prominently displayed on buildings all over Florence and Tuscany which have Medicean connections or which were financed with Medici money. Some examples of where you can see them outside of Florence are Piazza Grande in Montepulciano and Piazza del Campo in Siena. In fact, the coat of arms was so widespread that one outraged contemporary of Cosimo il Vecchio declared, He has emblazoned even the monks privies with his balls. To prepare you for your trip to Tuscany (or just to add some historical fodder to your next conversation in Italian), here are five cocktail party facts about the Medici coat of arms. Five Facts About the Medici Coat of Arms 1.) One origin story for the coat of arms comes from a giant named Mugello. The Medici family crest has long been the object of much historical speculation. The most romantic (and far-fetched) explanation of the origin of the palle is that the balls are actually dents in a shield, inflicted by the fearsome giant Mugello on one of Charlemagnes knights, Averardo (from whom, legend claims, the family were descended). The knight eventually vanquished the giant and, to mark his victory, Charlemagne permitted Averardo to use the image of the battered shield as his coat of arms. 2.) Other origin stories for the coat of arms represent pillsÃ and money. Others say the balls had less exalted origins: that they were pawnbrokers coins or medicinal pills (or cupping glasses) that recalled the familys origins as doctors (medici) or apothecaries. Others say they are bezants, Byzantine coins, inspired by the arms of the Arte del Cambio (or the Guild of Moneychangers, the bankers organization to which the Medici belonged). IÃ¢â¬â¢ve also read that the balls are meant to represent gold bars, againÃ representing their profession as bankers,Ã as many frescoes and works of art in Florence depict gold bars as originally being formed as balls. 3.) If you were a supporter of the Medici family, you might be seen enthusiastically yelling Ã¢â¬Å"Palle! Palle! Palle!Ã¢â¬ In times of danger, Medicean supporters were rallied with cries of Palle! Palle! Palle!, a reference to the balls (palle) on their armorial bearings. 4.) The number of balls on the shield changed over the years. Originally there were 12 balls. In Cosimo dÃ © Medicis time, it was seven, the ceiling of San Lorenzos Sagrestia Vecchi has eight, Cosimo Is tomb in the Cappelle Medicee has five, and Ferdinando Is coat of arms in the Forte di Belvedere has six. The number six remained stable after 1465. 5.) The blue ball has the symbol of the kings of France on it - three golden lilies. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s said that Louis XI had a debt with the Medici family and in order to reduce his debts, he allowed the bank to use his symbol, giving the Medici bank more clout among the people.
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
In a February 25th, 1961 article from the Milwaukee Journal titled, Ã¢â¬Å"Discrimination Hurts Us All,Ã¢â¬ Spencer Poku-Kankam from Ghana is quoted as saying, Ã¢â¬Å"When we experience discrimination, we wonder if this is the civilization we are supposed to copy. We cannot present America as the champion of democracy when we return to our countries because of our experiences in race discrimination.Ã¢â¬ The article goes on to say, Ã¢â¬Å"We have moral reasons for ending discrimination. They are buttressed by a selfish reason Ã¢â¬â we must validate our contention before the world that our way of life offers more to mankind than does Red totalitarianism.Ã¢â¬ Discrimination - according to Webster, entered our vocabulary in 1648. 365 years later, the word stirs feelingsÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦In response to us, Sam prefaced his comments by saying, Ã¢â¬Å"Discrimination occurs in Hendricks County. I know it, Ive witnessed it, and I have friends who have been victims of it. However, Ive spent my entire career as a scientist. I dont accept premises or information at face value--I want to see the data, the statistics, the research. And I expect others to demand the same proof from me as I expect from them. Ã¢â¬ ¦ Coming from a scientific background is both a blessing and a curse. Its a blessing because my BS meter has a hair trigger and causes me to check facts so Im not too easily taken in (I have yet to send my bank account information to that attorney in Morocco who has $10 million to split with me); but its a curse because its hard for me to just state a simple opinion without feeling that I need to have research to back it u p.Ã¢â¬ HCH Ã¢â¬â Hendricks County Home | SAM Ã¢â¬â Sam Carman HCH How specifically does the diversity we possess here in Hendricks County improve the lives of those who live here? SAM On a somewhat superficial level, diversity introduces authentic ethnic foods and a variety of cultural opportunities in the arts, fashion, design, etc. It also provides exposure to languages and other cultural characteristics that are probably unfamiliar to most of the population. But on a deeper, more significant level, diversity provides our society with a wider range of talents,
Since 1974 the Bank has committed $1. 2 billion for Agricultural Development Projects (ADPs) to increase farm production and welfare among smallholders in Nigeria. OED reviewed five ADPs and a supporting Agricultural Technical Assistance Project (ATAP), all implemented between 1979 and 1990. We will write a custom essay sample on Development of Agriculture in Nigeria or any similar topic only for you Order Now Only two of the six projects had satisfactory outcomes. In general, rainfed agricultural production was far below projections. Macroeconomic conditions, some national policies, and particular design and implementation problems prevented a more significant impact. Low-cost irrigated development of lowland areas (fadama) was, however, quite successful. Village water supply components exceeded their targets. The ADPs have evolved to be Ã¢â¬Å"permanentÃ¢â¬ institutions for rural infrastructural development and agricultural services, but their role vis-a-vis the regular state departments needs to be reviewed. ADP concept The ADPs were designed in response to a fall in agricultural productivity, and hence a concern to sustain domestic food supplies, as labor had moved out of agriculture into more remunerative activities that were benefitting from the oil boom. Conversely, domestic recycling of oil income provided the opportunity for the government, with Bank support, to develop the ADPs. The projects provided agricultural investment and services, rural roads, and village water supplies. The governmentÃ¢â¬â¢s adoption of the ADP concept put the smallholder sector at the center of the agricultural development strategy, and marked a clear shift away from capital-intensive investment projects for selected areas of high agricultural potential. The first ADPs in Nigeria were enclave projects each covering a specific region within a state. Their early results impressed both the federal and state governments, and there was pressure to replicate the approach across whole states. By 1989 all NigeriaÃ¢â¬â¢s then 19 states had ADPs. (See Box. ) Two of the projects auditedÃ¢â¬âIlorin and Oyo NorthÃ¢â¬âwere enclave projects, and were located in the Ã¢â¬Å"middle beltÃ¢â¬ of Nigeria whose main crops are rainfed cereals and root crops. The three other ADPs auditedÃ¢â¬âBauchi, Kano, and SokotoÃ¢â¬âwere statewide projects in NigeriaÃ¢â¬â¢s northern zone. Cropping in his zone is based on rainfed cereal crops and pulses, with localized areas of fadama in drainage lines that can support higher-value crops. The northern ADPs applied an expanded version of the same model used in the earlier enclave projects in this zone. This model demanded large amounts of capital and services and intensive management. With hindsight, not enough thought was given to the implications of the large increase in scaleÃ¢â¬âor indeed t o the less favorable production environment than existed in the smaller enclaves. Goals, content All the five ADPs sought to increase food production and farm incomes. In all of them it was assumed that productivity increases would come from the use of improved technology, especially planting material and fertilizer. The agricultural components of the projects were designed around systems for developing technology and transferring it to farmers, distributing modern inputs, and land development including small-scale irrigation of fadama areas and land clearing. Investments in infrastructure included an expanded feeder road network, construction of farm service centers for input distribution, and facilities for ADP staff and operations. All projects except that in Ilorin supported improvements in rural water supplies. To support its agricultural development goals the federal government introduced controls on food imports and continued its substantial subsidies on farm inputs, particularly fertilizer. How to cite Development of Agriculture in Nigeria, Papers
Thursday, April 23, 2020
Roman Influence On Architecture Roman Influence on Architecture The world of architecture has been greatly influenced and affected by Roman architectural design and development. Their innovative designs and influential developments developed centuries ago have provided a basis for architectural masterpieces found across the planet and, what's more, have remained relevant into the 21st Century. While the Romans borrowed many architectural designs from the Greeks and Etruscans, the additions that they did make to the world of architecture changed that world forever. Their invention of cement, their new use of arches and vaults, the development in aqueducts, and the development of road systems brought about change that affected not only the Roman Empire but also the many peoples that that great culture touched in its many travels and conquests. ?With the Roman invention of concrete in the first century BC and their growing understanding of the architectural principles of stress and counter-stress, Roman architects were able to experiment with new and elaborate forms of building, many of which were to pass in to the western architectural tradition. (Cunningham and Reich 156).? Until this innovative development, architectural progress had been severely limited and restricted. Building designs, using traditional Grecian models within the post and lintel system, had allowed for limited change. With the development of concrete and the increased understanding of its uses and applications, Romans were able to erect structures that would have previously been impossible using the Grecian post and lintel system. It was also the Roman use of concrete that led the way to many other Roman innovations in architecture, most especially the use of arches and vaults. Prior to the use of arches, Greek and republican Roman temples had been relatively small, partly because of the difficulties involved in putting a roof on a large space, without the use of supports. The Romans found and developed a way to use internal arches (?a curved structure that forms the upper edge of an open space, or the space between a bridge's supports? (Arch)) and vaults (?an arch-shaped structure, usually of masonry, used as the ceiling of a room or other enclosed space, as the roof of a building, or as the support for a ceiling or roof? (Arch and Vault)) to provide roofs for structures of increasing size and complexity. This new innovative style was adopted by the Romans from the Etruscans, as early as the fifth century BC (Cunningham and Reich 156). ?Vaults used by the Romans were simple geometric forms: the barrel vault(semicircular in shape), the intersecting (groined) barrel vault, and the segmental vault. By the 1st century BC, extensive systems of vaulting were employed. A particularly fine example of Roman vaulting is the Basilica of Maxentius in Rome? (Roman Architecture), and their influence on architectural styles in using the arch can be seen in modern day Washington Square in New York and the Champs Elysees in Paris (Cunningham and Reich 155). Building upon this development, after the second century, stone arches were commonly seen in bridges and aqueducts, there by giving birth to more major innovation. Because Rome covered such a large area and housed a massive population, it required a constant supply of water. The Romans were able to tackle this problem by creating a network of pipes that carried water from the surrounding hills, into the city of Rome. Ancient Rome was supplied by more than ten aqueducts, providing the city with some 38 million gallons of water each day? (Tillery). This innovation led the way to future waterlines and sewer systems in the many places that Rome was to leave its influence, including Great Britain and France, many of which can still be seen today. Roman influence is also seen in Europe when looking at their modern day road systems. The Romans were the first civilization to make well-designed roads. This greatly increased the ability to expand because of the way roads were laid out. The major roads were constructed to keep the incredibly large empire linked so it would not fall. The Romans enhanced the roads by adding a number of things to the basic idea of roads, such as archways, city streets, and arch bridges (Road). It is easy to see, even in 21st Century contemporary
Tuesday, March 17, 2020
Learning to Drive Photo by Ingo Joseph on Pexels.com Learning to drive was definitely one of my biggest obstacles and also one of my greatest accomplishments. My fear was always what seemed to get in the way from even getting myself into the driver seat. At first, I had to pay attention to learning how to work the switches in the car. Then it was actually getting out of the driveway and onto the street. Of course all that seemed way too easy next to the final step. The one thing I feared the most was the freeway. I was 17 sitting on our front steps as I watched my step-dad teach my older brother how to give the car an oil change. That old white Ford Explorer still going even after all its been through. We have had that truck for years now and it has more dents and scratches than I can even keep track of. This truck has been the learning car for all of my older siblings. They all got their driverÃ¢â¬â¢s license in it and of course I wanted to make sure to keep that tradition going. As a kid I always imagined myself driving that car. Once my step-dad and brother had finished I realized that was my opportunity to finally ask if he could teach me to drive. Once I asked him, he looked at me with an unexpressed face and said,Ã¢â¬Å"What! Well itÃ¢â¬â¢s about time!Ã¢â¬ I got into the driver seat and my step-dad was instructing me from the passenger window. I got the car turned on and he said, Ã¢â¬Å"Alright, put the car on drive and when you let go of the brake, slightly press the gas pedal s o you can get a feel how the car feels.Ã¢â¬ I might have pressed a little to hard and nearly dragged my step-dad from the window. That scared me off the driver seat leaving me unable to drive for a few more months. A couple months passed by when my sister must have decided I had to overcome this fear. She parked the car after we dropped the younger kids at school and said Ã¢â¬Å"Alright, get into the driver seat,Ã¢â¬ I was shocked and replied, Ã¢â¬Å"ARE YOU CRAZY!Ã¢â¬ At the moment I honestly believed my sister had lost her mind, but I obeyed got into the driver seat. The bright side to that morning was that the street we were on was quite isolated. There wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t much I could hit except a couple of small trees and some bushes so that really eased my anxiety on the whole idea. Even though I was terrified of messing up her bright red Hyundai, I put the car on drive and followed all the steps as she said. I let go of the brake pedal and slightly pressed on the gas. I slowly increased the speed and actually made it down the street without hitting anything. Of course I was only going straight so it would have been odd to have hit any of the bushes.Her point to making me drive up the str eet was so I could get the feel of the car actually moving. After that I got enough courage to actually driving on the busy street. I first I didnÃ¢â¬â¢t think it was going to end well, but I made it home with no scratch or dent to my sisters car. I practiced every other day by driving my mom to the store which was 3 blocked away from where we live. Then I slowly started driving further and further. I ended up driving all day just because I enjoyed the feeling of actually driving myself. My final step was getting on the freeway, but I put that in the back of my mind so I didnt even think about it. I stayed on the streets for some time without needing to take the freeway. Then planning to go to the beach with my friends became an inconvenience. Everyone worked so getting someone to drive me to the beach was a bit difficult. Even after I had to cancel I kind of still didnÃ¢â¬â¢t think about getting on the freeway. A month later my step-dad got sick. My parents both worked together and since my mom couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t drive my step-dad always did. My older siblings also had work every morning to they couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t drive her to work. That left me as the only option to get my mother to work. I tried to get out of that by explaining that I barely started to get used to driving but my mom wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t taking my excuse as an answer. So the very next morning she woke me up way too early. I really wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t happy about that even if I was a morning person. I knew that the freeway was going to be completely different from how I was driving on the street. My mom told me that it was really early so the freeway wonÃ¢â¬â¢t be too busy. As I got onto the freeway I panicked a little when I noticed how many semi-trucks were already surrounding me. Nevertheless, I had to throw my fear away and keep calm. My mom next to me really made a difference. She started the most random conversations, so I wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t panic on the trucks that were next to me. We made it to her job without dying so IÃ¢â¬â¢d like to say that was a great accomplishment. I left her there and hoped back into the freeway to head home since of course I still had to get to school too. I have always enjoyed the feeling of accomplishment just as much as any person. I canÃ¢â¬â¢t say I can get around the freeway without Google Maps though but I can get through the freeway just like any other person. I wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t the best driver at first and I can admit I drove like a grandma too. Now Im able to drive that old beat up Ford Explorer and it all began when IÃ able was get out of my comfort zone. I had to test my limits and not let fear hold me back from doing anything. I was able to get my license and now I can drive myself anywhere and all it took was practice and not giving up even when mistakes were made.
Sunday, March 1, 2020
How to Write a Research Paper in APA format How to Write a Research Paper in APA format Writing in APA When asked to write a research paper, it can be a very daunting process, but when it is required to be written in APA format it can intimidate even the most competent writer. Foremost in learning how to write a research paper in APA format you will need to understand the APA style and what the basics are in the APA format. The APA format is the official writing style of the American Psychological Association and is used most commonly in psychology, educational and social science papers. Examples of APA research papers would be when one has to write case studies, literature reviews and methodological articles. Before starting to write your research paper in the APA format it is important to pay special attention to the directions given to you in regards to the paper. You will be expected to follow certain guidelines as stipulated by your lecturer. It is also advisable to keep a bibliography of all your sources while you are busy researching your paper, this will allow you to write your reference list with ease once our paper is complete. Writing Your Research Paper A research paper is in short a presentation of your research done on a specific topic. It is based on your information gathered from a variety of sources and allows you a way to communicate them in a logical and clear way. Your paper should include four main sections: Your title page, which should be no longer than twelve words; followed by a comprehensive summary of your paper, which is titled Ã¢â¬Å"AbstractÃ¢â¬ and should only be around two hundred words; your main section which is the actual essay and where you would present your findings; and lastly, your references which will list all of your sources alphabetically. The basic rules for writing a research paper in APA format are as follows: the recommended typeface is Times New Roman with a 12 point font size. One-inch margins and double spacing are required throughout the paper. Each page must be numbered consecutively, and must be done in Arabic numerals, this will include your title page and reference page. The numbering must appear in the upper right hand corner. Short titles are to be used throughout the paper, which must be a derivation of the title of the paper. I would advise though that you refer to latest edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association if you are going to tackle writing your own research paper in APA format. APA Research Writing Assistance As you can see to write a research paper in APA format can be a difficult and time consuming task. Our professional writers are well acquainted with APA formatting and will do it flawlessly. Why not order your paper from us and get not only a well formatted paper, but a customized essay that is plagiarism free. Place your order now and let your worries disappear.